Panama Mythology: Places, Myths and Rites +10 Legends

Discover the exciting Panama Mythology. Surprise yourself with its most important legends and mystical areas of this country.

panama mythology

Panama Mythology and his Influences

Panamanian mythology is rich and diverse, although it is not as well documented as that of other cultures more widely known in history. Panama’s mythology has been influenced by the beliefs and traditions of the indigenous peoples who have inhabited the region over time.

Indigenous Peoples and important influences in Panama

Guna Yala (Kunas)

They have a rich oral tradition that includes stories, legends and myths that explain the origin of the world, natural phenomena and creation. They believe in supernatural beings called “dulemolas” who have divine powers and are often represented in their famous molas, textile art characteristic of the Guna culture.


This indigenous group also has its own mythology and beliefs. Their stories often involve mythical beings and animals that have connections to nature and supernatural elements.

Spanish Colonization

The arrival of the Spanish in Panama in the 16th century brought with it the introduction of Christianity, which resulted in the fusion of indigenous beliefs with elements of the Catholic religion. Many of the indigenous traditions and myths were mixed with the Christian worldview.

panama map

Afro-Antillean Influences

The presence of Afro-Antillean communities, descendants of workers brought to Panama during the construction of the Panama Canal, has also left its mark on the culture and possibly on local mythology. These influences may include religious practices and myths specific to Afro-descendant communities.

Legends of Panama Mythology

Panamanian mythology has several important legends and beings that are part of the folklore and oral tradition of the different indigenous cultures of the region. The following are some examples of legends and important beings:

El Sisimito

It is a mythological creature present in several Latin American cultures. In Panama, he is described as a small, hairy man who lives in the jungles. It is said that he protects animals and nature, punishing those who harm them.


The Cadejo

Another creature of Panamanian mythology, it is a kind of ghostly dog that appears to night travelers. It is said that there are two types: a white one that protects travelers from danger and a black one that frightens them.

el candejo

The Tulivieja

This legend revolves around a woman who, having been abandoned by her partner after giving birth, wanders the fields in search of her child. It is often associated with warnings to children not to wander away from their parents.


Mystical beings of Panama

These legends and mythological beings are just a few examples of the rich oral tradition that is part of Panamanian mythology. It is worth mentioning that the cultural diversity of the country implies that there are variations and different versions of these stories in different regions and indigenous communities.

Goblins and Nature Spirits

In Panamanian mythology, there is talk of the existence of elves, tiny beings that inhabit nature and are guardians of certain places.

Dirty Devil

Present in the Guna culture, he is an evil being that represents chaos and destruction. It is said that he can possess people and cause problems if he is not respected.


Water Spirits

In many indigenous cultures of Panama, there are beliefs in spirits associated with rivers, lakes and oceans. They are attributed with powers and the ability to influence the lives of people living near water.

Important places in Panama Mythology

In Panamanian mythology, several places have special importance due to their connection to legends, origin stories or mythological events. These sites may vary in their significance and relevance depending on the beliefs of the different indigenous communities of Panama. Here are some important places in Panamanian mythology:

La India Dormida (Coclé Province)

La India Dormida (Sleeping India) is a mountain formation in the Province of Coclé, its profile resembles a woman lying down. According to legend, an indigenous woman named Flor del Aire was rejected by her beloved and, in desperation, sought refuge in the mountains, where she became the Sleeping India. This place has a symbolic meaning and is a highlight in Panamanian mythology and folklore.

india dormida

Iguana Island (Province of Los Santos)

It is believed that Iguana Island has a connection with Panamanian mythology, especially with the Guna culture. This island is considered a sacred place and is said to be the place of origin of mankind, according to some legends of the Guna culture.

Picacho Hill (Province of Panama)

Cerro Picacho is a mountain that has been associated with legends and myths in the region. It is believed that this place has a rich mythological history, although specific stories may vary according to local communities.

Baru Volcano

Baru Volcano, the highest peak in Panama, also has its place in local mythology. Although stories may vary, sacred or mythical properties are attributed to it, and it is possible that it is associated with creation legends or deities.

Archaeological Sites

Several archaeological sites throughout the country, such as El Caño Archaeological Park in the province of Cocle, also have cultural and possibly mythological significance. These sites may be linked to ancient traditions and myths of the indigenous cultures that inhabited the region before the arrival of Europeans.

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