Thai Mythology: Origins, Culture, +24 Gods and Temples

Today we will review the Thai Mythology, a country with great traditions, temples and myths to explore at any time.

Wat Benchamabophit
Wat Benchamabophit

Thai Mythology, Influence and Origins

Traditional Thailand mythology is based on a combination of Hindu, Buddhist and local animistic influences. These foundations have resulted in a unique and diverse belief system that has been an integral part of Thai life and culture for centuries.


Basics of Thai Mythology

  • Hinduism and Brahmanism: Thai mythology has strong influences from Hinduism and Brahmanism, which were introduced to the region in ancient times. Hindu deities such as Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Ganesha and Lakshmi, among others, were assimilated into the Thai pantheon and are worshipped to this day.
  • Buddhism: Buddhism also plays a significant role in Thai mythology. Many of the stories and deities are related to Buddhist teachings, and the country is predominantly Theravada Buddhist. This has led to the combination of Buddhist elements with animistic beliefs and local deities.
  • Local spirits and deities: This mythology includes a variety of local spirits and deities that are believed to protect certain places, villages or activities. These spirits are associated with nature, rivers, trees and other elements of the environment.
  • Epics and legends: As in many cultures, Thailand has several epics and legends that recount the exploits of heroes and gods. The “Ramakien”, which is the Thai version of the Hindu Ramayana, is one of the most important and widely known epics in the country.
  • Folk beliefs and folklore: In addition to the main deities and legends or tales, Thai mythology is also composed of a wealth of folk beliefs and folklore passed down from generation to generation. This includes tales of ghosts, spirits, magical beings and mythological creatures.
  • Religious syncretism: Thai mythology is also an example of religious syncretism, where different beliefs and traditions merge to form a larger, cohesive belief system. Thai Buddhism, for example, incorporates elements of Hinduism and local animism.

What are the most popular Thai myths?

In Thailand mythology, there are several folk legends that are part of the country’s cultural fabric and have been passed down through generations.

Most popular Thai Mythology history

  • Ramakien: Also known as the Thai Ramayana, the Ramakien is one of the most important epics in Thai mythology. It is based on the Hindu Ramayana, but has its own unique variations and details. It tells the story of Prince Rama and his quest to rescue his beloved wife, Sita, from the clutches of the demon Ravana. The Ramakien has been adapted in various forms, including dances, theater and visual arts.
  • Phra Aphai Mani: This is another famous Thai epic that tells the story of a prince named Aphai Mani, whose life is full of adventures and challenges. He falls in love with a mermaid and must face several obstacles to be together with her. This legend highlights the struggle between love and royal duties.
  • Mae Nak Phra Khanong: This is a very popular ghost legend in Thailand. It tells the story of a woman named Mae Nak, who dies during the birth of her child, but returns as a spirit to protect her family. The legend has been adapted into movies and plays, and is one of the best-known ghost stories in the country.
  • Nang Tani: Another ghost myth, Nang Tani is a woman who died during childbirth and becomes a vengeful spirit that appears in the form of a floating white woman. She is said to appear near banyan (fig) trees and frightens people who encounter her at night.
  • Phi Pop: Phi Pop are malevolent spirits in Thai mythology that are believed to cause illness and misfortune. These spirits are considered to reside in trees, especially fig trees, and villagers often perform rituals to appease them and ward off their wrath.
  • Kinnaree: Kinnaree are mythical creatures that appear in various Thai myths and legends. They are half-bird, half-woman beings known for their beauty and grace. The story of “Manorah” is especially famous, which tells the story of a human prince who falls in love with a Kinnaree.

Most popular Thai temples

Thailand is a country with a rich and diverse religious tradition, which means there is a wealth of places of worship to visit. Buddhist temples, known as “Wat” in Thai, are abundant throughout the country. These are some of the most popular in Thai mythology. Check the official Thai information site for tourism for more information.

Popular Buddhist “Wat” temples

  • Wat Benchamabophit in Bangkok, is one of the most beautiful temples. Also known as “the marble temple” or Wat Ben. Being classified as a first-class royal temple.
  • Wat Pho in Bangkok, famous for its impressive Reclining Buddha.
  • Wat Phra Kaew (Temple of the Emerald Buddha) in Bangkok’s Grand Palace, which houses the revered image of the Emerald Buddha.
  • Wat Arun in Bangkok, an impressive temple on the banks of the Chao Phraya River.
  • Wat Phra Singh in Chiang Mai, famous for its beautiful architecture and golden Buddha.
  • Wat Traimit in Bangkok, this temple is famous for housing a Buddha statue made of solid gold, which is one of the largest and most valuable Buddha images in the world.
  • Wat Phu Khao Thong in Ayutthaya. Also known as the Temple of the Golden Mountain, this temple offers breathtaking views from atop a hill.
  • Wat Benchamabophit in Bangkok, is one of the most beautiful temples. Also known as “the marble temple” or Wat Ben. Being classified as a first class royal temple.
Thai Mythology - Wat Suthat
Wat Suthat

Other important temples in the mythology of Thailand

  • Suthat Temple n Bangkok: is one of the most important and oldest temples of the Rattanakosin era in Bangkok. It is one of the six temples of Thailand of the highest category.
  • Ayutthaya Temples: The ancient city of Ayutthaya, located near Bangkok, is home to several historic temples that are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including Wat Mahathat, known for the Buddha’s head trapped between the roots of a tree.
  • Temples in Chiang Rai: In Chiang Rai, the White Temple (Wat Rong Khun) is a must-see due to its unique and distinctive design.
  • Temples in Sukhothai: Sukhothai Historical Park is home to impressive Buddhist temple ruins from the ancient capital of the Sukhothai Kingdom.
  • Temples in Chiang Mai: In addition to Wat Phra Singh, Chiang Mai has many other impressive temples to visit, such as Wat Chedi Luang and Wat Chiang Man.
  • Temples in Phuket: Wat Chalong in Phuket is one of the most important Buddhist temples on the island and is a place of pilgrimage for locals.
  • Temple of the Golden Buddha (Wat Traimit): Located in Bangkok, this temple is famous for housing a Buddha statue made of solid gold, which is one of the largest and most valuable Buddha images in the world.
Thai Mythology - Phra Aphai Mani
Phra Aphai Mani

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